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Teachers’ Day 2023: History, Significance, and Celebrations of Shikshak Divas

Teachers’ Day 2023: History, Significance, and Celebrations of Shikshak Divas

Written by Sanjay Kumar

Every year on September 5, India gears up to celebrate Teachers’ Day or Shikshak Divas, a special occasion that honors the birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, an iconic figure in Indian history. This day is dedicated to recognizing and appreciating the tireless efforts of educators who play a pivotal role in shaping the nation’s future.


The roots of Teachers’ Day in India trace back to the early 1960s when Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan served as the second President of India. It was during his tenure that his former students approached him with the idea of celebrating his birthday, September 5, as a remarkable day. However, in a gesture of humility and recognition for the noble profession of teaching, Dr. Radhakrishnan suggested that this day should be dedicated to celebrating all teachers. He emphasized that “teachers should be the best minds in the country,” highlighting their crucial role in nurturing the youth and building a brighter future.

International Connection:

It’s worth noting that World Teachers’ Day, celebrated on October 5th, has international significance. This global observance is led by prominent organizations like UNESCO, UNICEF, ILO, and Education International, commemorating the adoption of the 1966 ILO/UNESCO recommendation. This recommendation underscores fundamental principles regarding teachers’ rights, responsibilities, training, and working conditions, as well as the quality of educational environments.


September 5 holds immense significance across India’s educational landscape. Students of all ages, from schools to universities, come together to express their gratitude and admiration for their educators. Teachers are regarded as the cornerstone of quality education, and this day serves as a reminder of their invaluable contribution to society.


Teachers’ Day celebrations are marked by various heartfelt gestures. School students traditionally present flowers, sweets, chocolates, and handmade cards to their beloved teachers, conveying their heartfelt appreciation. For senior students, this day signifies a role reversal as they take charge of classes and organize cultural programs and events.

In colleges and universities, Teachers’ Day takes on a grander scale, with students organizing elaborate shows, performances, and cultural events to honor their mentors. This role reversal not only fosters a deeper understanding of the challenges teachers face but also strengthens the bond between students and educators.

As Teachers’ Day 2023 approaches, the nation prepares to celebrate the tireless dedication and unwavering commitment of its educators. It’s a day to express gratitude and acknowledge the profound influence that teachers have on the lives of countless individuals, helping to shape a brighter tomorrow for India.

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