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Fundamental Analysis: What Is It and How to Use It in Trading

Fundamental Analysis: What Is It and How to Use It in Trading

For any trader, it is essential to know the foundation of your trades, and that foundation is called fundamental analysis. This is one of the most popular approaches to trading, and it involves the examination of the economic, financial, and other qualitative and quantitative factors that affect the underlying asset’s intrinsic value in order to identify potential trading opportunities.

Understanding how to use fundamental analysis properly can boost your trading career and increase your profits. Learning about this, together with learning about technical analysis, is one of the first steps in the trading journey. Here, we will dive into the basics of fundamental analysis and how to use it in trading. After you read this article, you’ll be able to start looking for a broker from the ones you see on Trusted Broker Reviews and choose the best for your needs.

What Is Fundamental Analysis?

Fundamental analysis is a method of analyzing the underlying financial and economic factors impacting the price of a security or asset. It is important to note that this approach is often used in long-term trades such as investments rather than short-term trades such as day trading. The analysis assesses the intrinsic value of the asset to determine whether it is undervalued or overvalued, which enables the trader to make informed investment decisions.

How Does Fundamental Analysis Work?

Fundamental analysis typically examines various economic indicators, including GDP, inflation rates, and interest rates. In addition, it also considers revenue, earnings, and other financial data to evaluate individual assets, companies, or sectors. Other qualitative factors such as management, industry trends, and political or regulatory changes are also analyzed.

The cumulative information is used to provide an understanding of the intrinsic value of the asset, which can then be compared to its current market price. For example, an investor might use this approach to examine a company’s financial statements and anticipate whether its earnings will rise or fall, or evaluate economic indicators such as inflation or interest rates to predict the performance of a currency.

How to Use Fundamental Analysis in Trading?

The primary objective of fundamental analysis is to determine the intrinsic value of the asset, which can later be compared to its market price. If the market price is lower than the model’s calculated intrinsic value, it implies that the asset is undervalued and therefore is a good investment at that price. On the other hand, if the market price is high compared to the calculated intrinsic value, it means that the asset is overvalued, and it is suggested to avoid investing in it at that price.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Fundamental Analysis

As with any trading method, fundamental analysis has its advantages and disadvantages. The main strength of this method is its ability to provide insight into the underlying value of the asset, which can help to minimize investment risks.

This approach relies on publicly available financial data, so it is more objective and reliable compared to technical analysis. It provides a more thorough analysis of the company, including financial metrics, management quality, competitive environment, and market trends.

However, the method is often time-consuming. It requires a lot of time and effort to analyze financial statements, market trends, and economic indicators, which may not be suitable for short-term traders. Also, it requires a significant amount of research, and can sometimes be complicated.

Fundamental analysis may not fully reflect the potential impact of unforeseen events like natural disasters, political changes, or technological disruptions. Traders can also be influenced by their personal biases or other external factors, which can lead to faulty results. There can be differing views on which fundamental factors are important to consider and how they affect the value of a stock, leading to subjective interpretations.


Fundamental analysis is one of the most popular methods of trading in the long term, which aims to identify trading opportunities based on a company’s intrinsic value. Its objective is to identify undervalued assets and avoid overvalued assets.

Fundamental analysis may take a significant amount of time and can also be challenging, but when done correctly, it may be effective in generating profits. It is important to note that this is just one method that traders use, and it is essential to understand and apply other methods alongside it. As a trader, you should always consider your strengths, weaknesses, personal preferences, and trading technique before determining the strategy that best fits your style.

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