Top 10 Famous Temples in India
India is known for its diversity of culture, religions, customs, and language. No wonder why this country is committed to following a secular ideology. In India, every festival, whether Eid, Holi, charismas, and others, are celebrated with joy and freedom while following their religion without any constraints. This is the beauty of this country. On the other hand, India is the country that is believed to be the birthplace of many Hindu gods, like Ram, Krishna, and more. It tells us, why this country has so many ancient temples. With speaking of ancient temples, how many temples do you know in India? Well, Today, we will be exploring 10 famous temples in India.
Badrinath temple is dedicated to the Lord of Vishnu, located in the town of Badrinath, Uttarakhand area in the Himalayans. It is also called one of the four Char Dham, believed that the sculpture of Badrinath was built by Gods. It was thrown in the Alaknanda River by Buddhists during their era. Adi Shankara (Vedic scholar and teacher) found the sculpture of Badrinath in the Alaknanda River and placed it in a cave near tapt Kund hot springs.
This is another Chaar Dham temple, one of the most famous temples in India, dedicated to Lord Shiva. This incredible temple is situated on a small island between India and Sri Lanka in an area known as Tamil Nadu. The temple has many shrines attached to it. According to Hindu methodology, Lord Ram had built a bridge from the temple across the sea to Lanka (Sri Lanka) to rescue his wife Sita from her abductor Ravana.
Lord Jagannath Temple
Housing about 120 shrines in its giant structure, Lord Jagannath is located in Puri, Odisha, was built in 12 centuries and is well-known for its annual Rath Yatra (Festival of Chariots). This Rath Yatra is the oldest and largest Chariot procession in the world. The temple was considered by King Chodanganga. Although, under his reign, only the Jagmohan or assembly hall and the Vimana or Chariot of the temple were built. Later, Anangabhima Deva finished the construction of the temple in 1174AD.
Tirupati is also one of the most famous and visited places of worship in the country. Every day, this temple is visited by anywhere between 50,000 to 100,000 pilgrims (30 to 40 million people per year), while on special occasions, like the annual Brahmotsavam, the numbers increase up to as high as 500,000. This temple is known by various other names, the most famous one “Sri Venkateshwara”. It sits atop one of the 7 peaks of Tirumala Hills, attracting scores of Hindu pilgrims. This temple is dedicated to the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, called Balaji.
Shri Mata Vaishno Devi temple
With an annual footfall of around 8 million devotees, Vaishno Devi is the second most visited temple in India. It is situated in the lap of Trikuta hills which is 13 km from base camp Karta, Reasi, near Jammu city. The temple is one of the 108 Shakti Peethas dedicated to Durga, worshipped as Vaishno Devi. There is a story behind it, it says more than 700 years ago, Vaishno Devi, who was a devotee of Vishnu, had taken a vow of celibacy. One day, lord Bhairon Nath saw her and chased after her. During the chase, the goddess felt thirsty and shot an arrow into the earth from where a sprain gushed out.
Somnath temple, dedicated to the lord of shiva, is believed to be the first of 12 jyotirlingas (Devotional shrines of Lord Shiva) in the country, the temple receives a large footfall of around 45-lakh visitors every year. The first temple is said to have existed 2000 years ago. Many spiritual Gurus believe that Somraj (the moon god) first built the temple in Somnath, made out of gold; this was rebuilt by Ravana in silver, by Krishan in wood, and by Bhimdev in stone. The temple is located in Sagar Kant of Saurashtra in Gujarat state.
Located on the western bank of the holy river Ganga in Varanasi, this temple is also one of the 12 Jyotirlingas dedicated to Lord Shiva. People from all over the country come to take a dip in the holy waters of the river “The Ganges”. The place is called the spiritual capital of India, believed to be one of the oldest serving cities in the world, dating back to the 11th century B.C. The present Kashi temple was commissioned in the 18th century by Rani Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore.
Dwarkadhish is the fourth of the Char Dham, located in the town of Dwarka on the Arabian Sea. The temple is the abode of Krishan and was rebuilt by Raja Jagat Singh Rathore (on the banks of the Gomati River). That’s how it named Jagat Mandir as well. But the existing temple is dated to the 16th century. According to Hindu spiritual Gurus, the temple was built by Krishnan’s grandson, Vajranabha, over the Hari-Griha.
Amarnath Cave Temple
Yatra to Amarnath Cave for which one has to trek a height of about 14,500 ft is full of excitement and joy. The feeling of the divine, which is always beneath one’s heart, burst out, and one realizes “Moksha” as one attends the Cave and performs the prayer before the Shivalinga. Surrounded by beautiful nature, a valley, mountain, anyone can feel Lord Shiva’s presence in the paradise of the earth. Probably, the reason is why the temple is so famous in India.
The origin of the name of this temple is Sri Harmandir Sahib temple. It is situated in the holy city of the Sikhs, Amritsar. The temple is famous for its fully golden dome. Also, it is one of the most sacred pilgrims’ spots for Sikhs. The golden temple is built on a 67-ft sq of marble and is two storied structures.
Apart from the architecture of this temple, another thing that impresses visitors a lot is the Langer of the Golden temple, also known as the Guru Ka Langer, a free meal in the community hall, served at the Gurdwara. This temple is also known to have one of the largest community kitchens in the world, serving 50,000 to 60,000 visitors every day.
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